BIOTA Philippines Conference System, 52nd BIOTA Annual National Convention and Scientific Sessions

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KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND BELIEFS OF STUDENTS ENROLLED IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE COURSES CONCERNING HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
Regina Shelly Ocampo Punzalan, Filipinas Laxamana Bognot, Michael Louie Calalang Celis, Jenifer Basilio

Last modified: 2017-03-08

Abstract


The number of people have been infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) worldwide continued to grow in 2015, reaching an estimated 70 million and about 35 million of them have died. In the Philippines, the current incident data remains under 0.1% of the total population. It has one of the lowest rates of infection, yet has the fastest growing number of cases worldwide. Lack of knowledge about HIV among the Filipino people is considered as one of the causes. This study determined the awareness of the students enrolled in biological science courses on HIV affecting humans. The study employed descriptive method of research, specifically, assessment research. This was conducted at the City College of Angeles. Cronbach's alpha, Descriptive Statistics and Spearman rho Correlation Coefficient were used to measure of internal consistency of the items in the questionnaire and in the interpretation and analysis of data. Results showed that students enrolled in Biological Sciences courses have good knowledge in terms of facts, transmission, symptoms, and prevention of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The students have good knowledge in terms of HIV being the virus that attacks and destroys the infection-fighting CD4 cells of the immune system and having no cure for AIDS, HIV being the infection that causes AIDS, and AIDs being the most advanced stage of HIV infection. In terms of attitudes and beliefs, students were rated to have good attitude and beliefs. In items that directly concerned themselves, they have very good attitudes and beliefs. Significant positive correlations were noted among the students’ knowledge, attitudes and beliefs on HIV. This implies that better knowledge on HIV is associated with more positive attitude and beliefs towards HIV. More positive attitude is likewise correlated with more positive beliefs about HIV.

 


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